This project investigates how Virtual Reality (VR) can be designed to support self-management of pain and anxiety in children, adolescents and adult populations. Using literature review, we distinguish between pain management through distraction, focus shifting and skill building for long term benefits. A range of settings are explored through case studies. One of the interventions involved providing patients undergoing chemotherapy with opportunities to try out VR apps (games, mindfulness and more) to capture their preferences and examine the feasibility of VR technology to alleviate pain and anxiety.
Furthermore, focus groups and surveys conducted with clinicians revealed strategies that are typically used in pediatric settings with a focus on children in 3 age groups (4-7, 8-11, 12-17) undergoing immunization or peri-operative care. Using a multiperspective approach we engaged children and parents/caregivers through co-design and interviews to identify how VR can be personalised to improve the peri-procedural experiences of children and adolescents, particularly those with severe anxiety. Findings point to the temporality of patient experience and potentials in combining VR solutions to enhance patient’s experience before and during appointments, while also considering the various roles clinicians and carers play along the way.
- Dr Naseem Ahmadpour
- Dr Andrew Weatheral
- Ajit Pillai
- Prof Phillip Poronik
- Dr Ana Janssen
- Dr Melanie Keep
- Janssen A, Fletcher J, Keep M, Ahmadpour N, Rouf A, Marthick M, Booth R. (2021). Experiences of Patients Undergoing Chemotherapy with Virtual Reality: A Mixed Methods Feasibility Study. JMIR Serious Games.
- Ahmadpour N, Weatherall A.D, Menezes M, Yoo S, Hong H, Wong G. (2020). Synthesizing Multiple Stakeholder Perspectives on Using Virtual Reality to Improve the Periprocedural Experience in Children and Adolescents: Survey Study. Journal of Medical Internet Research (JMIR) 22(7), e19752.
- Ahmadpour N, Keep M, Janssen A, Rouf A.S, Marthik M. (2020). Design strategies for virtual reality interventions for managing pain and anxiety in children and adolescents: A scoping review. JMIR serious games 8(1), e14565.
- Ahmadpour N, Randall H, Choksi H, Gao A, Vaughn C, Poronnik P. (2019). Virtual Reality interventions for acute and chronic pain management. The International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology (IJBCB) – Neuro in Focus. 114(September 2019), 105568.
- Yoo S, Ahmadpour N, Weatherall A, Menezes M, Pillai AG, Scott S, Wong G, Wood N. (2019). Clinician perspective on VR Games for Managing Periprocedural Anxiety in Children. In proceedings of Australian Computer-Human Interaction conference (OzCHI’19), ACM. 280–284.